VOCABULARY LIST 1

obscure – unclear; clouded; partially hidden; hard to understand
discriminate – to differentiate; to make a clear distinction; to see the difference
temperate – moderate; restrained
inevitable – unavoidable; bound to happen
futile – hopeless; without effect
servile – submissive and subservient; like a servant
anarchy – absence of government or control; lawlessness; disorder

Vocabulary List 2

discord – disagreement (the opposite of concord)
repudiate – to reject; deny
lucid – clear; easy to understand
dispassionate – without passion; objective; neutral
advocate – to speak in favor of; to support
profound – deep; insightful (the opposite of superficial)
dissent – disagreement

Vocabulary List 3

profuse – flowing; extravagant
belligerent – combative; quarrelsome; waging war
censure – to condemn severely for doing something bad
neutral – unbiased; not taking sides; objective
repress – to hold down
articulate – speaking clearly and well
atrophy – to waste away from lack of use

Vocabulary List 4

dubious – doubtful; uncertain
concise – brief and to the point; succinct
blasphemy – irreverence; an insult to something held sacred; profanity
coalesce – to come together as one; to unite
extraneous – irrelevant; extra; unnecessary; unimportant
incongruous – not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate
sage – wise; possessing wisdom derived from experience or learning

Vocabulary List 5

predecessor – someone or something that came before another
remorse – sadness; regret
scrupulous – strict; careful; hesitant for ethical reasons
idiom – a peculiar expression
virtuoso – masterful musician; a masterful practitioner in some other field
animosity – resentment; hostility; ill will
bastion – stronghold; fortress; fortified place

Vocabulary List 6

vehement – urgent; passionate
assuage – to soothe; to pacify; to ease the pain of; to relieve
prudent – careful; having foresight
authoritarian – like a dictator
contrite – deeply apologetic; remorseful
recalcitrant – stubbornly defiant of authority or control
tenacious – tough; hard to defeat

Vocabulary List 7

animated – alive; moving
nostalgia – a sentimental longing for the past; homesickness
venerate – to revere; to treat as something holy, especially because of great age
vilify – to say vile things about; to defame
indifferent – not caring one way or the other; mediocre; lacking a preference; neutral
revere – to worship; to honor (think of a reverend)
denounce – to speak out against; to condemn

Vocabulary List 8

disdain – arrogant scorn; contempt
diverse – varied
pious – reverent or devout; outwardly ( and sometimes falsely ) reverent or devout
virulent – extremely poisonous; malignant; full of hate
contempt – reproachful disdain
deter – to prevent; to stop; to keep from doing something
banal – unoriginal; ordinary

Vocabulary List 9

deride – to ridicule; to laugh at contemptuously
rigorous – strict; harsh; severe
conspicuous – standing out; obvious
volition – will; conscious choice
disparage – to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about; usually in a somewhat
indirect way
languish – to become weak, listless, or depressed
exemplary – outstanding; setting a great example

Vocabulary List 10

relegate – to banish; to send away
uniform – consistent; unchanging; the same for everyone
condescend – to stoop to someone else’s level, usually in an offensive way; to patronize
indolence – laziness
congenial – agreeably suitable; pleasant
ameliorate – to make better or more tolerable
credulous – believing; gullible

Vocabulary List 11

tedious – boring
caustic – like acid; corrosive
belittle – to make to seem little
refute – to disprove
slander – to defame; to speak maliciously of someone
stringent – strict; restrictive
fickle – capricious; whimsical; unpredictable

Vocabulary List 12

desecrate – to profane a holy place (the opposite of consecrate)
benign – gentle; not harmful; kind; mild
compliant – yielding; submissive
innumerable – too many to number or count; many
exemplify – to serve as an example of
diffident – timid; lacking in self-esteem or self-confidence
gullible – overly trusting; willing to believe anything

Vocabulary List 13

propriety – properness; good manners
enthrall – to thrill
heed – to listen to
discernment – insight; ability to see things clearly
enigma – mystery
eccentric – not conventional; a little kooky; irregular
acute – sharp; shrewd

Vocabulary List 14

diligent – hardworking
squander – to waste
incessant – unceasing; never-ending
provocative – exciting; attracting attention
austere – unadorned; stern; forbidding; without much money
expedite – to make faster or easier

Vocabulary List 15

pragmatic – practical; down-to-earth; based on experience rather than on theory
ascetic – hermit-like; practicing self-denial
voluntary – willing; unforced
fastidious – meticulous; demanding
astute – perceptive; intelligent
engender – to create; to produce
incoherent – jumbled; chaotic; impossible to understand

VOCAB LIST 16
solicit – to ask for; to seek
preclude – to prevent; to make impossible; to shut out
taciturn – untalkative by nature
immutable – unchangeable; permanent
levity – lightness; frivolity; lack of seriousness
amiable – friendly
jeopardy – danger

VOCAB LIST 17
respite – a rest; a period of relief
stoic – indifferent (at least outwardly) to pleasure or pain, ETC.
amity – friendship
lethargy – sluggishness; laziness; drowsiness; indifference
willful – deliberate; obstinate; insistent on having one’s own way
verbose – wordy; overly talkative
retract – to take back; to withdraw; to pull back

VOCAB LIST 18
ambiguous – unclear in meaning; confusing
paucity – scarcity
rescind – to repeal; to take back formally
zealous – fervent; enthusiastically devoted to something
meander – to wander slowly; like a winding river
nullify – to make unimportant
skeptical – doubting (opposite of gullible)

VOCAB LIST 19
dearth – a lack of; scarcity
stanza – a section of a poem; a verse
impartial – unbiased; neutral
objective – without bias (as opposed to subjective)
relevant – important; pertinent
candid – honest; frank
provincial – limited in outlook to one’s own small corner of the world; narrow

VOCAB LIST 20
superficial – on the surface only; shallow; not thorough
augment – to add to; to increase; to make bigger
laudable – worthy of praise
extol – to praise
heresy – an opinion violently opposed to established beliefs
vacillate – to be indecisive; to waver back and forth
alleviate – to lessen; to relieve, usually temporarily or incompletely; to make bearable

VOCAB List 21:
negligence – carelessness
ironic – satiric; unexpected
dogmatic – arrogantly assertive of unproven ideas;
disparate – different; incompatible
expedient – providing an immediate advantage; serving one’s immediate self interests
mitigate – to lessen the severity of something
acclaim – praise; applause; admiration

VOCAB list 22:
reproach – to scold
orthodox – conventional; ‘ by the book’
ambivalent – undecided; blowing hot and cold
esoteric – hard to understand;
exhaustive – thorough; complete
appease – to sooth; to pacify by giving in to
frivolous – not serious; not solemn; with levity

VOCAB list 23:
instigate – to provoke; to stir up
apocryphal – of doubtful origin; false
auspicious – favorable; promising;
hackneyed –overused; trite (a cliché)
torpor – sluggishness; inactivity; apathy
innocuous – harmless; banal
subtle – not obvious; crafty

VOCAB list 24:
hypothetical – uncertain; unproven
marred – damaged; bruised
rejuvenate – to make young and strong again
authentic – real
bias – prejudice; tendency; tilt
irascible – irritable
saccharine – sweet; excessively or disgustingly sweet

VOCAB list 25:
innovate – to be creative; to introduce something new
abstract – theoretical; lacking substance (the opposite of concrete)
benevolent – kind; good-hearted; generous
reticent – restrained; uncommunicative
scrutinize – to examine closely
aesthetic – having to do with artistic beauty; artistic (do not confuse with ascetic)
prodigal – extravagant; wasteful

Vocabulary TEST words for JANUARY 23rd
CONNOTATIONS, MATCHING LIKE DEFINITIONS, SENTENCES

1. obscure – unclear; clouded; partially hidden; hard to understand
2. temperate – moderate; restrained
3. anarchy – absence of government or control; lawlessness; disorder
4. dispassionate – without passion; objective; neutral
5. profound – deep; insightful (the opposite of superficial)
6. dissent – disagreement
7. profuse – flowing; extravagant
8. repress – to hold down
9. articulate – speaking clearly and well
10. dubious – doubtful; uncertain
11. concise – brief and to the point; succinct
12. sage – wise; possessing wisdom derived from experience or learning
13. remorse – sadness; regret
14. scrupulous – strict; careful; hesitant for ethical reasons
15. idiom – a peculiar expression
16. vehement – urgent; passionate
17. contrite – deeply apologetic; remorseful
18. animated – alive; moving
19. venerate – to revere; to treat as something holy, especially because of great age
20. vilify – to say vile things about; to defame
21. indifferent – not caring one way or the other; mediocre; lacking a preference; neutral 22. disdain – arrogant scorn; contempt
23. contempt – reproachful disdain
24. deter – to prevent; to stop; to keep from doing something
25. deride – to ridicule; to laugh at contemptuously
26. rigorous – strict; harsh; severe
27. disparage – to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about
28. exemplary – outstanding; setting a great example
29. relegate – to banish; to send away
30. indolence – laziness
31. congenial – agreeably suitable; pleasant
32. tedious – boring
33. belittle – to make to seem little
34. refute – to disprove
35. slander – to defame; to speak maliciously of someone
36. desecrate – to profane a holy place (the opposite of consecrate)
37. benign – gentle; not harmful; kind; mild
38. exemplify – to serve as an example of
39. gullible – overly trusting; willing to believe anything
40. propriety – properness; good manners
41. enthrall – to thrill
42. heed – to listen to
43. enigma – mystery
44. diligent – hardworking
45. squander – to waste
46. austere – unadorned; stern; forbidding; without much money
47. pragmatic – practical; down-to-earth; based on experience rather than on theory
48. ascetic – hermit-like; practicing self-denial
49. fastidious – meticulous; demanding
50. astute – perceptive; intelligent